What are Cannabis Terpenes?

What are Cannabis Terpenes?

What are Cannabis Terpenes? 2560 1707 THE ILUMI LIFE™

Have you ever noticed the smell of a Christmas tree when you put it in your house? Or, have you ever walked into the forest and gotten a whiff of pine? Or, have you ever noticed the different aromas of different strains of marijuana? Terpenes are what create these aromas and they are found in a variety of organisms and plants. And cannabis terpenes are what create the smell and flavor of hemp and marijuana plants.

Do terpenes come in more than 1 flavor?

Yes! Cannabis terpenes come in many flavors and aromas, but some of the most common terpene molecules deliver flavors like:

  • Wood
  • Diesel
  • Skunk
  • Citrus
  • Spice
  • Fruit
  • Pine

Everyone is entitled to their own opinion and preference, so what works for you may not work for someone else. And this is why terpenes are so great – they offer us a custom cannabis experience. 

More sources of terpenes

As mentioned, terpenes are found in all sorts of plants and are what make plants carry the aroma you smell. They are the main components of essential oils! Next time you go to drop a few drips of lavender essential oils into your air diffuser or apply some tea tree oil to your latest pimple, just remember that terpenes are responsible for what makes those oils smell so amazing and have such great benefits to your health. Terpenes are part of a plants immunity defense system – they aid in regeneration, oxidation, and protect against environmental dangers. 

Look and feel

If you’ve ever seen the tiny hairs that grow on the outside of cannabis plants, you’re looking at the terpene center of the plant. Those tiny hairs are called trichomes and they produce terpenes and give the cannabis plant that sticky feeling when you touch it and the crystal-like glow when you look at it. Those trichomes are also responsible for producing cannabinoids like CBD or THC. So essentially, all of the good benefits of cannabis plants come straight from those trichomes.

Cannabis terpene types & terpene profiles

There are hundreds of types of terpenes found in cannabis plants, but there are really only a handful that are consistently prominent. Here are the most common terpenes and a little about each:


This terpene has a floral aroma and has been said to help with skin healing. Some studies conducted on animals support that bisabolol can specifically help with inflammation of the skin.


This terpene is very prominent in cannabis and comes with an herbal scent similar to rosemary, cloves, or hops. The reason for that is because caryophyllene is a terpene present in each of those plants. 


Coming from cypress pines, this terpene naturally has a heavy scent of pine. The great part about guaiol is that it is said to act as an antimicrobial agent with the potential for antioxidant and antibacterial properties. 


Humulene is not only present in cannabis, it’s also a terpene prominent in hops, and for that reason it has a very ‘hoppy’ smell. This terpene is also found in cloves, basil, ginseng, and black pepper. It’s said to have anti-inflammatory properties as well as those that aid with pain relief. 


Aside from being present in cannabis, this terpene is most commonly present in citrus plants giving it a lovely citrus smell. It is said to help with immune health and potentially aid in heartburn relief. 


This terpene brings a wonderful floral aroma also found in jasmine, lavender, coriander, rose, and rosewood. Besides having the potential to be an antifungal, it also has been found to reduce inflammation and the pain associated with inflammation. 


This terpene is one of the most common terpenes found in cannabis and carries a very earthy aroma. It may alleviate pain, reduce inflammation and even slow the effects of osteoarthritis.


With a strong aroma resembling wood, nerolidol is a terpene that is used in a wide variety of products. It’s been said to reduce inflammation in addition to having antimicrobial, antifungal, and antioxidant properties. 


This terpene is very herb-based, commonly found in mint, basil, orchids, and mangoes. For that reason it has an herb-like smell. It has been said to have antifungal and antiviral healing characteristics. 


Throughout all of nature, this terpene may be the most common of all. Given its name, it is most often found in pines giving it a very strong sap or pine smell. While it might be able to prevent or heal ulcers, it does have anti-inflammatory properties.


Another citrus terpene is terpinolene which is found in plants like apples, rosemary, and lilac. It’s been said to help with inflammation and also act as a sedative, making you feel sleepy. 

Plants don’t just have 1 kind of terpene, they have what’s called a terpene profile. This is simply the grouping of different terpenes, or a terpene cocktail, if you will! When multiple terpenes are working together, they enable other cannabis molecules, which is called the entourage effect. When using CBD, it is very important that you understand what terpenes are in the CBD compound so that it can most accurately address your needs. The more terpenes there are in the CBD compound and the more strategic the terpene profile, the better the benefits will be. There are a lot of factors that determine how terpenes will be expressed in plants. For example, growing plants indoors has a tendency to leave more terpenes on the plants due to removing the environmental factors that could remove them. Other factors are the time of year the plant grows, the temperature it grows in, and the amount of nutrients taken in by each plant, just to name a few.

Ilumi prides itself on the terpene profiles strategically selected for each product. All of our produce are terpene enhanced to help your mood through your mind and body. If you want to learn more about the terpenes in our products, shop them now!  

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